Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster

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Richard Óg (The Red Earl) de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster

Also Known As: "The Red Earl", "2nd Earl of /Ulster/", "called The Red Earl", "Richard De Burgh", "2nd Earl of Ulster", "" The Red Earl"", ""The Red Earl"", "Richard de Burgo (The Red Earl)"
Birthplace: Ulster Plantation, Ulster, Ireland
Death: July 29, 1326 (66-67)
Athassel Monastery, Tipperary, Ireland
Place of Burial: Athassel Monastery, Tipperary, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster and Aveline Fitzjohn, of Ulster
Husband of Margaret de Guines
Father of Eleanor de Burgh; Walter de Burgh; Maud Matilda de Burgh; Elizabeth de Burgh, Queen of Scots; Katherine de Burgh and 6 others
Brother of Gille (Giles) de Burgh, of Ulster and Theobald de Burgh
Half brother of William 'The Grey' de Burgh, I

Occupation: 2nd Earl of Ulster, 2nd earl of ulster, 2nd Earl of Ulster and 3rd Baron of Connaught, Knight
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster

Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster (1259 – July 29, 1326), called The Red Earl, was one of the most powerful Irish nobles of the late 13th and early 14th centuries, a son of Walter de Burgh, the 1st Earl of Ulster (of the second creation) and Lord of Connacht.[1] His name, "Richard Óg", meant Richard the Young, probably a reference to his youth when he became earl in 1271, or to differentiate him from his grandfather, Richard Mor.

Richard Óg was the most powerful of the de Burgh Earls of Ulster, succeeding his father in Ulster and Connacht upon reaching his majority in 1280.[1] He was a friend of King Edward I of England, and ranked first among the Earls of Ireland. [Richard's wife Margaret de Burgh (no direct relation) was the [grand]daughter of Sir John de Burgh and Hawise of Lanvaley[1].] He pursued expansionist policies that often left him at odds with fellow Norman lords.

His daughter Elizabeth was to become the second wife of King Robert the Bruce of Scotland. However, this did not stop him leading his forces from Ireland to support England's King Edward I in his Scottish campaigns and when the forces of Edward Bruce invaded Ulster in 1315, the Earl led a force against him, but was beaten at Connor in Antrim. The invasion of Bruce and the uprising of Felim Ó Conchúir in Connacht left him virtually without authority in his lands, but Ó Conchúir was killed in 1316 at the Second Battle of Athenry, and he was able to recover Ulster after the defeat of Bruce at Faughart.[1]

He died July 29, 1326 at Athassel Priory, near Cashel, County Tipperary.

Plantation of Ulster

Children and family

Aveline de Burgh (b. c. 1280), married John de Bermingham, 1st Earl of Louth

Eleanor de Burgh (1282 – aft. August 1324)

Elizabeth de Burgh (c. 1284 – 26 October 1327), married Robert I of Scotland

Walter de Burgh (c. 1285–1304)

John de Burgh (c. 1286 – 18 June 1313)

Matilda de Burgh (c. 1288–1320), married Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Hertford

Thomas de Burgh (c. 1288–1316)

Catherine de Burgh (c. 1296 – 1 November 1331), married Maurice Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond

Edmond de Burgh (b. c. 1298)

Joan de Burgh (c. 1300 – 23 April 1359), married Thomas FitzGerald, 2nd Earl of Kildare


^ a b c Curtis, Edmund [1950] (2004). A History of Ireland, 6th ed., Routledge, 78, 83–86. ISBN 0-415-27949-6.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.



   * Married: Bef 27 Feb 1280-1281

* Note: He [Richard de Burgh] married, before 27 February 1280/1, Margaret [possible daughter of Arnoul III, Count of Guisnes, by Alice, daughter of Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy], who died in 1304. Having been present, 11 May 1326, in the Irish Parliament held at Kilkenny, he went to the monastery at At hassel, where he died 29 July 1326 and was buried shortly before 29 August. [Complete Peerage XII/2: 173-7, XIV:619, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)] see Margaret de Guines
* Change Date: 21 Sep 2005

Sir Richard de Burgh
BIRTH 1259
Northern Ireland
DEATH 29 Jul 1326 (aged 66–67)
Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland
Athassel Priory
Golden, County Tipperary, Ireland
MEMORIAL ID 85679488
Family Members
Walter de Burgh
Aveline FitzJohn Burgh

Hubert Earl of Kent DeBurgh
Egidia Giles De Burgh Stewart
William de Burgh

Elizabeth De Burgh
John de Burgh
Maud de Burgh de Clare
Joan Burgh Fitz Gerald

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Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster's Timeline

Ulster Plantation, Ulster, Ireland
Dublin, County Dublin, Ireland
Of Conaught Province, Mayo, County Mayo, Ireland
Belfast, Antrim, Ulster, Ireland
Ulster Province Ireland
Norfolk, England
of Gloucestershire, England
Dumfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland, (Present UK)
Of, Ireland