Landolf II-IV "the Red" prince of Capua & Benevento

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Prince Landolf II-IV "the Red" di Capua-Benevento

Italian: principe Landolfo II-IV "il Rosso" di Capua-Benevento
Also Known As: "Landolfo II", "il Rosso", "Landulf", "Landenulf", "Landulfo", "Landulfus", "Landulph", "Landulpho", "Landulphus"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Campania, Benevento, Italy
Death: May 27, 961 (41-50)
Napoli, Campania, Capua, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Landolf I-III "anthypatos" prince of Capua & Benevento and Gemma of Naples
Husband of Wanzia; Yvantia and Maria di Gaeta
Father of Landulph III of Capua; Sigelgaita di Benevento; Ioannes, Archbishop of Capua; Sichelgarda di Capua; Gemma di Capua and 4 others
Brother of prince Atenolfo III di Capua, count of Teano

Occupation: Prince of Benevento & Capua, Conde de Conza
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Landolf II-IV "the Red" prince of Capua & Benevento

The PRE-NORMAN.htm source at the very bottom is evident to be the most reliable source. In that same source someone named Stasser is mentioned who suggests that Maria di Gaeta was Landolfo's wife instead of Yvantia and explains why. Stasser also states that the source mentioning Landolfo and Yvantia is a late and spurious (fake) compilation. The source also mentions that there is no earlier source stating that Landolf and Yvantia were married other than the late and spurious (fake) source. If I’m understanding correctly the Wikitree source shows Maria di Gaeta as disputed and it may say that but I don’t see any source backing it up to dispute Maria so that’s an issue and not reliable. But as for Cawley saying the source for Yvantie/Yvantia is a later source; that is also what the PRE-NORMAN.htm source says as I mentioned above. Which is the same source used on Wikitree so if that source doesn’t dispute Maria di Gaeta as Landolfo’s wife then it shouldn’t say disputed at all. It actually supports it because as I said in that source Stasser suggests it was Maria di Gaeta to be Landolfo’s wife and explains why. So I recommend to only go by the PRE-NORMAN.htm source but to each their own.


Marriage

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Capua-23

(disputed) Maria di Gaeta (p. Docibilis II, Lord of Gaeta and Orania of Naples) OR Euanthia "Yvantie" (p. unknown).[4][1] Issue: 6

CAUTION: Euanthia (Yvantie) is from a later source. Cawley (2006), calls it a "forgery."


Landulf II (died 961), called the Red, was the Lombard prince of Benevento and prince of Capua (as Landulf IV) from 939 or 940, when his father, Landulf I, first associated him with the government. His mother was Gemma, daughter of Athanasius of Naples. He may have been associated as early as 933, when his elder brother, Atenulf III, was made co-regent. His uncle Atenulf II died in 940 and it is likely that Landulf served as a replacement. Landulf married Yvantia on an unknown date.

Whatever the case, when the elder Landulf died on 10 April 943, Landulf removed his elder brother Atenulf to Benevento and his uncle Atenulf's son Landulf to Capua. Fearing for their lives, the two fled to Guaimar II of Salerno and Landulf the Red became sole prince. His first act was to continue the family policy of associating younger sons as co-princes in the government. He made his eldest son Pandulf co-prince. Other than that, Landulf made few attempts to continue the family policy of alliance with his fellow Lombards and détente with the Byzantines. He distanced himself from Constantinople, while trying not to enter into open warfare, and made several tries at reuniting the Lombard principality of Salerno with the united Capua-Benevento. He abandoned imperial dating and dated from his own reign.

In 946, he allied with John III of Naples to oust Gisulf I of Salerno, son of Guaimar. He was ambushed in a pass at La Cava by Mastalo I of Amalfi and the ousting failed. He soon broke his alliance with Naples and allied with Gisulf to besiege Neapolitan Nola. In 950, he was called to the aid of Aligerno, abbot of Monte Cassino. His descendants would prove to be the worst persecutors of that great monastery. He followed up his Salernitan and Neapolitan failures with successful campaigns against the gastald of Aquino, Atenulf Megalu, whom he exiled to the Docibilis II of Gaeta.

In 955, Landulf made his biggest failure in supporting an Apulian revolt against Greek authority. He was forced to recognise Byzantine supremacy. The rest of his reign is less eventful, he failed in his two great ambitions: conquering Salerno and opposing the Byzantines. He associated his second son, Landulf, with him in 959 and died in 961.


From http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00546031&tree=LEO

Landolfo II, Principe di Benevento e Capua

  • Born Est 905
  • Died 27 May 961
  • Father Landolfo I, Principe di Benevento , b. Est 872, d. 943 (Age ~ 71 years)
  • Mother Gemma di Napoli
  • Spouse Wanzia

Children

  • + 1. Sigelgaita di Benevento. Married Gianni II, Principe di Salerno
  • + 2. Pandolfo I 'the Iron-Head', Principe di Capua e Benevento, Duca di Spoleto e Camerino , b. Est 925, d. 981. Married Aloara
  • + 3. Landolfo V, co-ruler of Capua and Benevento , b. Bef 935, d. Dec 968, Benevento Find all individuals with events at this location. Married Gaitelgrima de Avellino

References

Landolfo II, detto il Rosso (... – 961), è stato un principe longobardo di Benevento e principe di Capua (come Landolfo IV) da 939, quando suo padre, Landolfo I, lo associò al governo, fino alla morte

Discendenza

Landolfo sposò Yvantia in una data imprecisata ed ebbe cinque figli:

  • Pandolfo detto Capodiferro, che fu il più illustre esponente della dinastia capuana e che venne associato al trono paterno fin dal 943.
  • Giovanni, futuro arcivescovo di Capua dal 966;
  • Landolfo, associato al padre e al fratello dal 959;
  • Romualdo, cresciuto alla corte di Costantinopoli,
  • Gemma
  • http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SOUTHERN%20ITALY,%20PRE-NORMAN.htm#...

LANDOLF, son of LANDOLF III joint Prince of Capua & his wife Gemma of Naples (-961). According to the "Catalogus Principum Capuæ", "Atenulfus III et Landulfus II, filii Landulfi" ruled jointly with their father[1575]. "Landulph Rufus filius Landulph Antipatru, germano Athnulph de Calinulu" succeeded his brother in 943 as LANDOLF IV Prince of Capua and Benevento[1576]. According to the Annales Beneventani, "Landolfi filii eius [=Landolfus princeps]" ceased to be Prince of Benevento in 944 "in the fourth year of his reign", when his son Pandolf was installed as prince[1577]. The Chronicon Vulturnense records a charter dated Aug 945 "sexto anno principatus domni Landulfi…principis et anno secundo domni Pandulfi eius filii"[1578]. "Landolfus princeps…periit inter Agarenis"[1579]. The Chronicon Vulturnense records "Landolfus et Pandolfus filius eiusdem…Langobardorum gentis" confirmed the grant of fishery rights "in lacum Patrensem" to the monastery of Volturno, granted by "domna Gemma principissa…genitrice nostra", by charter dated 960[1580]. The dating clause of a charter dated May 961, under which "Andreas filius Loperissi" donated property to Cava monastery, refers to the twenty-second year of "domni Landolfi…principis" and the eighteenth year of "principatus domni Paldolfi filii eius"[1581]. The Chonicon Monasterii Beneventani records the death in 961 of "Landulphus Princeps" and the succession (in Benevento) of "Landulphus germanus Pandulphi Principis"[1582].

m ( [935] ) ---. There are two possibilities for the wife of Prince Landolf IV.
Stasser suggests that she was MARIA di Gaeta , daughter of DOCIBILIS II Lord of Gaeta & his wife Orania of Naples[1583]. He highlights that "Maria principessa" is named as one of the daughters of Docibilis in his testament dated 954, and points out that, as all the wives of the contemporary princes of Salerno are known, she must have been the wife of one of the princes of Capua-Benevento.
A second possibility is that she was EUANTHIA , daughter of ---. The Chronicon Comitum Capuæ names "Landulph et Yvantie ucsore sue" when referring to a donation[1584], which appears to refer to Prince Landolf IV. Stasser points out that this source is a late, spurious compilation[1585]. No indication has been found of any earlier sources on which this forgery may have been based, but the name is presumably Byzantine as it recalls "Euanthia" wife of Grimoald III Prince of Benevento (who died in 806).

 Prince Landolf IV & his wife had [six] children: 
  • 1. PANDOLF (-Mar 981). The Annales Beneventani record that "Pandolfus filius eius [=Landolfus princeps]" was installed as Prince of Benevento in 944[1586]. The Chronicon Vulturnense records a charter dated Aug 945 "sexto anno principatus domni Landulfi…principis et anno secundo domni Pandulfi eius filii"[1587]. He succeeded his father in 961 as PANDOLF I "Capiferreus/Ironhead" Prince of Capua and Benevento. - see below.
  • 2. IOANNES (-974). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Archbishop of Capua.
  • 3. LANDOLF (-968). … The Annales Beneventani record the death of Landolf V in 968[1590]. m (Summer 958) GAITELGRIMA,
  • 4. [SICHELGARDA . Stasser proposes that the wife of Transmundo [I] was the daughter of Landulf IV Prince of Capua and Benevento[1603].
  • 5. [GEMMA (-after Oct 1006). Gemma, widow of Cadolo, is named in a charter dated Aug 982[1606]. Stasser suggests that Gemma, wife of Cadolo, was the daughter of Landulf IV Prince of Capua and Benevento[1607]. m ([953/64]%29 as his second wife, CADOLO Conte [in Tuscany], son of CORRADO Conte & his wife Ermengarda --- (-before Aug 982).]
  • 6. WILLA (-after Oct 1007). "Guillia filia bone memorie Landulfi et relicta bone memorie Rodolfi comes" donated property by charter dated Aug 988[1608]. "Guillia filia bone memorie Landulfi que fuit princeps Beneventanorum" donated property by charter dated Oct 1007[1609]. m RODOLFO [II] Aldobrandeschi, son of RODOLFO [I] Aldobrandeschi & his wife --- (-before 988).

References

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