Juana II de Francia, reina de Navarra

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Jeanne II de France, reine de Navarre

Also Known As: "Jeanne", "Joan"
Birthplace: Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Death: October 06, 1349 (37)
Château de Conflans, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
Place of Burial: Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Louis X le Hutin, roi de France and Marguerite de Bourgogne, Reine de France
Wife of Felipe III el Bueno, rey de Navarra
Mother of María de Navarra, reina consort de Aragón; Blanche de Navarre, reine de France; Carlos II el Malo, rey de Navarra; Philippe de Navarra, comte de Longueville; Agnès de Navarre, comtesse consort de Foix and 2 others
Half sister of Jean I, roi de France

Occupation: Reine de Navarre (1328-1349), Fue Reina de Navarra entre 1328 y 1349.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Juana II de Francia, reina de Navarra

Joan II of Navarre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joan II of Navarre (January 28, 1312 – October 6, 1349) was Queen of Navarre 1328–1349. She was the only daughter of King Louis X of France (Louis I of Navarre) and his first wife, Margaret of Burgundy. She was a member of the House of Capet.

On the deaths of her father (1316) and her half-brother, John I (also 1316), both of whom had been kings of France and Navarre, she was excluded from the succession in favor of her uncle Philip V of France(Philip II of Navarre), a brother of Louis X and son of Philip IV of France. Philip V prevailed for a number of reasons, including her youth, doubts raised about her paternity, and the Estates-General's determination that women should not be allowed to rule France. The last reason, however, was not applicable to Navarre because there was already precedent there for succession by a female. After Philip V's brother and successor Charles IV of France (Charles I of Navarre) died in 1328, there was no male heir to either crown in the direct line from Philip IV. Instead, a more distant Philip, a descendant of Philip IV's younger brother Charles of Valois, successfully claimed the throne as Philip VI of France in preference to Joan and a number of other females closer to the line of succession.

Joan did become Queen of Navarre through a treaty with Philip VI, who was not a descendant of the later Kings of Navarre through Garcia Ramírez of Navarre and who could not invoke a rule against female succession in Navarre. In the treaty, she had to renounce her claims not only to the crown of France but also to her grandmother's estates in Brie and Champagne (which were merged in the French royal domain). In compensation, she received the counties of Angoulême and Mortain as well as a portion of Cotentin (Longueville). Later on she exchanged Angouleme for three estates in Vexin:- Pontoise, Beaumont-sur-Oise, and Asnière-sur-Oise.

She reigned as Queen of Navarre until her death in 1349, together with her husband, Philip III of Navarre as king consort, 1329–1343. Philip was also Count of Évreux, the heir of Count Louis of Évreux (youngest son of Philip III of France), and thus of Capetian male blood. Because of his patrimonial lands, together with Joan's gains in Normandy and her rights in Champagne, the couple had extensive possessions in Northern France.

Altogether, Joan and Philip had eight children. She was succeeded by their son Charles II of Navarre. Their daughter Blanche d'Evreux became the second wife of Philip VI of France.

Although Joan never ascended the French throne, her descendants and heirs, the Kings of Navarre, were to eventually reach the throne of France when Henry IV of France inherited the crown two centuries later, in 1589. From then onwards, all Kings of France carried Joan's blood and were her heirs. The Kings of France had already been descended from her since the ascension of Henry II (who was Joan's issue in 8th generation, through for example his maternal great-grandmother Margaret of Foix-Navarre, duchess consort of Brittany, and through Margaret's husband's great-grandmother Joan of Navarre, queen of England and also duchess consort of Brittany, who herself was Joan's granddaughter); these were not, however, senior descendants of Joan.


Maria of Navarre (c. 1329–1347), first wife of King Pedro IV of Aragon (1319–1387).

Blanche d’Évreux (1331–1398), second wife of the much older King Philip VI of France (1293–1350).

Charles II of Navarre (1332–1387), King of Navarre, known as Charles le Mauvais, i.e. Charles the Bad.

Agnès (1334–1396), married Gaston III, Count of Foix (1331–1391).

Philip, Count of Longueville (1336–1363), married Yolande de Dampierre (1331–1395.

Joanna of Navarre (1339–1403), married John I, Viscount of Rohan (d. 1395).

Louis, Count of Beaumont-le-Roger (1341–1372), married 1358 Maria de Lizarazu, married 1366 Joanna of Durazzo (1344–1387)


JEANNE de France, daughter of LOUIS X "le Hutin" King of Navarre, LUIS I King of Navarre, & his first wife Marguerite de Bourgogne (Conflans Sainte Honorine 28 Jan 1312-Château de Conflans 6 Oct 1349, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). On the death of her father, she was excluded from the succession to the French Crown, her birth being suspicious because of the reputation of her mother. Following her maternal grandmother’s protests, her uncle Philippe V confirmed her future rights to the counties of Champagne and Brie 27 Mar 1318. She was proclaimed JUANA II Queen of Navarre by an Assembly in 1328 shortly after the succession of Philippe VI as King of France. She renounced her rights to the county of Champagne in 1335. She died of the plague.

m (contract Paris 27 Mar 1318, 18 Jun 1318, Château de Conflans 1329) PHILIPPE d’Evreux, son of LOUIS de France Comte d’Evreux & his wife Marguerite d’Artois (27 Mar 1306-Jerez de la Frontera 23 or 26 Sep 1343, bur Pamplona, Cathedral Santa María el Real). Comte d’Angoulême et de Mortain 27 Mar 1318, confirmed by the Treaty of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon 14 Mar 1336. He succeeded his father in 1319 as Comte d’Evreux. He was proclaimed FELIPE III “le Bon/le Sage” King of Navarre by an Assembly 1328, shortly after the succession of Philippe VI King of France. Crowned King of Navarre 5 Mar 1329, Pamplona, Cathedral of Santa María el Real. The necrology of Vauvert records the death "VI Kal Oct" of "Philippus rex Navarre"[600].

King Felipe & Queen Juana had eight children:

1. Infanta doña BLANCA de Navarra (1330-Château de Neaufles-Saint-Martin, Eure 5 Oct 1398, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). Betrothed (contract 1 Jul 1345, contract broken before 1348) to Infante don PEDRO de Castilla y León, son of don ALFONSO IX King of Castile & his second wife Infanta dona Maria de Portugal (Burgos 30 Aug 1334-murdered Montiel 22 Mar 1369, bur Seville Cathedral). He succeeded his father in 1350 as don PEDRO I "el Cruel" King of Castile. m (Brie-Comte-Robert, Seine-et-Marne 11 Jan 1350) as his second wife, PHILIPPE VI King of France, son of CHARLES de France Comte de Valois & his first wife Marguerite of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1293-Abbaye de Coulombs, near Nogent-le-Roi, Eure-et-Loir 22 Aug 1350, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).

2. Infante don CARLOS de Navarra (Château d'Evreux, Eure 17 May 1332-Pamplona 1 Jan 1387, bur Pamplona, Cathedral of Santa María la Real). He succeeded his mother in 1349 as CARLOS II "el Malo/le Mauvais" King of Navarre.

- see below.

3. Infanta doña MARÍA de Navarra ([1335]-Valencia 29 Apr 1347, bur Valencia, San Vicente, transferred to Nuestra Señora de Poblet). A document dated 23 Jul 1338 at Alagón certifies that "Pedro…Rey de Aragon de Valencia de Cerdennya de Corcegua e comte de Barçalona" married "dona Maria filla del…princep e sennyor don Phelip…Rey de Navarra conte de Euroux de Engolesme de Morentayn e de Longauilla et de la…sennyora dona Johannya…Reyna del dicto Reyno"[601]. m (contract 6 Jan 1337, Alagón 23 Jul 1338) as his first wife, don PEDRO IV "el Ceremonioso" King of Aragon, son of don ALFONSO IV King of Aragon & his first wife doña Teresa de Entenza Ctss de Urgel (Balaguer 5 Sep 1319-Barcelona 5 Jan 1387, bur Nuestra Señora de Poblet).

4. Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra ([1336/37]-Longchamps 3 Jul 1387, bur church of the monastery of Longchamps). Nun at monastery of St François at Longchamps, near Paris in May 1337. The necrology of Longchamp records the death on 3 Jul of "seur Jehanne fille du roi de Navarre religieuse en cette eglise"[602]. A list of nuns at Longchamp in the abbey's necrology includes "madame seur Jehanne de Navarre, cousine germaine de madame seur Blanche de France…estoit fille du roy de Navarre, sa mère fille du roy de France" and records that she lived 50 years and died 3 Jul 1387[603].

5. Infanta doña INÉS de Navarra (after 1337-Estella castle Jan 1397 or [4 Feb 1396/1400]). A charter dated 8 Feb 1347 records that Philippe VI King of France abandoned rights over the lands to be ceded to "Agnes, fille…de Phelippe jadis roy et de…Jehnne de France royne de Navarre" when she married "Gaston comte de Foix…[filz de] Alliénor de Cominges contesse de Foix"[604]. The 15th century Chronicle of Esquerrier records that "Mossen Gaston appelat Febus" married "Madona Agnes de Navarra"[605]. After being repudiated by her husband, on the excuse that her dowry had not been paid in full, she returned to Navarre and lived in the castles of Pamplona, Olite and Estella. m (contract 5 Jul 1348, Paris, église du Temple 4 Aug 1349, repudiated Dec 1362) GASTON III "Fébus" Comte de Foix, de Bigorre et de Béarn, son of GASTON II "le Preux" Comte de Foix & his wife Eléonore Ctss de Comminges (30 Apr 1331-1 Aug 1391)

6. Infanta doña JUANA de Navarra ([1339]-château de Guéméné-sur-Scorff 20 Nov 1403, bur Abbaye de Monrepos). m (1373 or before Oct 1377) as his second wife, JEAN I Vicomte de Rohan Sire de Léon, son of ALAIN VII Vicomte de Rohan & his wife Jeanne de Rostrenen ([1329]-château de Guéméné-sur-Scorff after 24 Feb 1396).

7. Infante don FELIPE de Navarra (-Vernon, Eure 29 Aug 1363, bur Notre Dame d'Evreux or Paris). Comte de Longueville. He took part in the defence of the county of Bar, which had been invaded by Lorraine, in October 1353. He was imprisoned when he tried to govern the county, released in January 1356. He supported his brother Carlos King of Navarre, imprisoned by Jean II King of France, and fought at Poitiers in Sep 1356 against France under the Black Prince. His brother appointed him 15 Oct 1361 Lieutenant General of his territories in France. m (13 Jun 1353) as her second husband, YOLANDE de Flandre, widow of HENRI IV Comte de Bar, daughter of ROBERT de Flandre Comte de Marle & his wife Jeanne de Bretagne (château d'Alluyes, Eure-et-Loir 15 Sep 1326 or 1331-château de Nieppe dit de La Motte-au-Bois, Hazebrouck, Nord 12 Dec 1395, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe). Mistress (1): JEANNETTE d'Aisy, daughter of ---. Her lover's brother, Louis Comte de Beaumont-le-Roger, made her a gift in 1367. Infante Felipe had two illegitimate children by Mistress (1):

a) LANCELOT bâtard de Longueville . He received a gift from his uncle Carlos II King of Navarre in 1371 for so long as he remained in the forces of the Duke of Brittany.

b) ROBINE bâtarde de Longueville . Her uncle Louis Comte de Beaumont-le-Roger made her a gift in 1367.

8. Infante don LUIS de Navarra (1341-Apulia 1372, bur Naples). His brother Carlos II King of Navarre named him Viceroy of Navarre in 1353, during the former's absence in France for his marriage. Lieutenant of the King of Navarre 1356-1364. Comte de Beaumont-le-Roger and Seigneur d'Anet 1365 by gift of his brother. Accompanied to Naples by a considerable body of Navarrese troops on his second marriage, he planned to use this force to recapture Durazzo which was captured by the Albanians in 1368[606]. He died while making his preparations. m firstly (secretly 1358, annulled) doña MARÍA de Lizarazu, daughter of ---. She was from St Etienne de Baïgorry. The marriage was annulled by don Carlos II King of Navarre. m secondly (contract Nov 1365, Naples 19 Jun 1366) as her first husband, his cousin JEANNE of Sicily Dss di Durazzo, daughter of CHARLES of Sicily Duca di Durazzo [Anjou-Capet] & his wife Marie of Sicily (1344-poisoned château d'Œuf, Naples 20 Jul 1387, bur Naples, church of San Lorenzo). She married secondly ([1376]) Robert d'Artois.

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Juana II de Francia, reina de Navarra's Timeline

January 28, 1312
Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
May 17, 1332
Château d'Evreux, Évreux, Eure, Upper Normandy, France
October 6, 1349
Age 37
Château de Conflans, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France