Juan Alonso de Guzmán, I duque de Medina Sidonia

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Juan Alonso de Guzmán, I duque de Medina Sidonia

Also Known As: "ascendientes de los Céspedes y Guzmán (gobernadores de Costa Rica)"
Death: 1468 (57-58)
Immediate Family:

Son of Enrique Pérez de Guzmán, II conde de Niebla and Teresa Suárez de Figueroa
Husband of Elvira de Guzmán; Catalina Gálvez; Urraca de Guzmán y Figueroa; María de la Cerda and Isabel de Meneses y Fonseca
Father of Alvaro Pérez de Guzmán el Bueno y Meneses, Señor de la Torre del Maestre; Fadrique de Guzman; Alfonso de Guzman; Pedro de Guzman; Juan Urraco de Guzmán, IV Sr. De Lepe Y Redondela and 4 others
Brother of María de Guzmán Suárez de Figueroa, Señora de Alba de Liste
Half brother of Alonso Enriquez de Guzmán; Beatriz de Guzmán y Enriquez and Henrique de Guzman

Occupation: 3. conde de Niebla, 1. duque de Medina Sidonia, I DUQUE DE MEDINASIDONIA, First Duke of Medina, Fue él, quien encontro el cadaver de su padre el Gibralta el dia 31/8/1462. cadaver profanado por los moros.
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About Juan Alonso de Guzmán, I duque de Medina Sidonia

Juan Alonso de Guzman, 1. duque de Medina Sidonia

Juan Alonso de Guzmán y Suárez de Figueroa Orozco, 1st Duke of Medina Sidonia and 3rd Count de Niebla (in full, Spanish: Don Juan Alonso de Guzmán y Suárez de Figueroa Orozco, primer Duque de Medina Sidonia, tercer Conde de Niebla, Señor de Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Señor de Lepe, Ayamonte y Gibraltar, Adelantado Mayor de la Frontera de Andalucía) (c. 1405 – December 1468) was a Spanish nobleman and military figure of the Reconquista.

Juan Alonso de Guzmán was the son of Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Niebla and of Teresa Suárez de Figueroa y Orozco, Lady of Escamilla and Santa Olalla. He was also the grandson of don Lorenzo Suárez de Figueroa López de Córdoba, Maestre de Santiago. He was awarded the title of Duke of Medina Sidonia by King John II of Castile on February 1445. This first Duke of Medina Sidonia married Doña Maria de la Cerda y de Sarmiento, daughter of Luis de la Cerda y Mendoza, 3rd Count de Medinaceli. It seems there was no legal male issue. He had however more than one illegitimate child with an Isabel de Menezes y Fonseca, apparently also marrying Doña Elvira de Guzmán, daughter of Don Alvaro de Guzmán, 6th Señor de Orgáz, who is reported as marrying his son, Martin to Violante Martinez de Aragón. This was apparently not the first time however that the title of Duke of Medina Sidonia was awarded. King Henry II of Castile (c.1334-1379), had a illegitimate son named Enrique de Castilla y de Sousa with a Juana de Sousa, but after being made a Duke by his father, he died in 1404, without a successor. The title then returned to the Crown under King Henry III of Castile, until it was awarded again in 1445 by Henry III's son, King John II of Castile, to the Guzmán family.

The addition of "El Bueno" to the family name of Guzmán was used much later than the ends of the 13th century by several members of the house, proud of their Nordic background by then, which included many statesmen, generals and colonial viceroys.

This is an excerpt from the article Juan Alonso de Guzmán y Suárez de Figueroa Orozco from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.

  • 1410+ 12.1468


Father: Enrique de Guzman, 2. conde de Niebla * c. 1380 Mother: Teresa Suarez de Figueroa y Orozco, señora de Escamilla * c. 1390

Marriages Marriage I:1434 Maria de La Cerda, señora de Huelva y de la Isla de Saltés


Children from Marriage I: •No issue

Children from Isabel Fonseca* c. 1420 •Enrique de Guzman y Menezes, 2. duque de Medina Sidonia * c. 1430 Leonor Afan de Ribera y Mendoza •Alvaro de Guzmán el Bueno y Meneses, señor de la Torre del Maestre, Monturque, la Palmosa y Alhocen María Manuel de Figueroa

Children from Teresa (ou Elvira) de Guzman* c. 1400 •Teresa de Guzman, 4ª señora de Ayamonte * c. 1430 Pedro de Zuñiga y Manrique, 1. conde de Ayamonte

Children from Urraca de Guzmán el Bueno y Figueroa* c. 1420 •Juan Urraco de Guzmán, señor de Lepe y Redondela * c. 1440 Leonor de Cárdenas •Lorenzo Urraco de Guzmán el Bueno y Guzmán el Bueno

Children from Catalina Galvez •Fadrique de Guzman •Alfonso de Guzman •Pedro de Guzman

Biographical Notes

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Titles •Counts of Niebla (3) •Dukes of Medina Sidonia (1) •Lords of Ayamonte (3)