Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy

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Hugues d'Arles, comte de Vienne

Also Known As: "Ugo", "Hugh of Italy Hugh of Arles (or Hugh of Provence)", "roi d’Italie", "régent de Basse-Bourgogne"
Birthplace: Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France
Death: April 10, 947 (62-71)
Arles, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Place of Burial: Arles, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Theobald, count of Arles and Bertha, margravine of Tuscany
Husband of Wandelmode d'Arles; Willa, Queen of Upper Burgundy; Aude, Hilda; Marozia and Bertha of Swabia
Ex-partner of Stefania Semele; Pezola "Venerem"; Rotrud Roza Juno; Vandelmodis and NN madre di Gotifredus abbas Nonantulanus
Father of Theobaldus canonicus Milanensis; Berta Eudocia; Boso episcopus Placentinus; Rotlinda; Uberto, marchese di Toscana and 4 others
Brother of Theutberge de Troyes; Boson d'Arles, margrave of Tuscany; Berlion d'Arles; Richilde Of Tuscany; N.N. dei Bosonidi and 2 others
Half brother of Guy "the Philosopher", margrave of Tuscany; Lambert, margrave of Tuscany and Ermengarde of Tuscany

Occupation: King of Italy 926-946, King of Provence 911-933, Count of Arles, Count of Vienne 898, Duke of Provence
Managed by: Private User
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About Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy


Hugh (c.880–947), known as Hugh of Arles or Hugh of Provence, was the King of Italy from 924 until his death. He belonged to the Bosonid family. During his reign, he empowered his relatives at the expense of the aristocracy and tried to establish a relationship with the Byzantine Empire. He had success in defending the realm from external enemies, but his domestic habits and policies created many internal foes and he was removed from power before his death.

Early life

Hugh of Arles was born in 880/1,[1] the eldest surviving son of Theobald, Count of Arles, and Bertha of Lotharingia.[2] By inheritance, he was Count of Arles and Vienne, which made him one of the most important and influential nobles in the Kingdom of Provence. After the Emperor Louis III, who was also King of Provence, was captured, blinded, and exiled from Italy in 905, Hugh became his chief adviser and regent. By 911, most of the royal prerogatives were exercised by Hugh and Louis ceded him the titles dux of Provence and marchio of the Viennois.[3] He moved the capital to his family's chief seat of Arles and in 912 married Willa, widow of Rudolph I of Burgundy.[4] Hugh would then unsuccessfully attempt to take Burgundy from Rudolph's son, Rudolph II of Burgundy.[4]

At an unknown date, a Provençal army led by Hugh, his brother Boso, and Hugh Taillefer invaded Lombardy with the support of Hugh's mother. On the basis of the account of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, this event has been dated to as late as 923–924, but the account of Liutprand of Cremona dates the event much earlier, between 917 and 920.[5]

About 922, a sizable faction of Italian nobles revolted against the by-then Emperor Berengar and elected Rudolph II of Burgundy King of Italy.[4] This started a civil war, which resulted in Berengar's death in 924.[4]


Rather than accept Rudolph, Berengar's partisans now elected Hugh as king (925).[5] Rudolph was ejected from Italy in 926 and Hugh crossed the Alps to be crowned. In his absence, Louis of Provence transferred his county of Vienne to Charles-Constantine. Louis died on 5 June 928 and Hugh returned to Provence to sort out a succession.

For whatever reasons, neither Charles Constantine nor Hugh was elected king, but Hugh annexed the kingdom to Italy de facto, issuing diplomata concerning Provence from his Italian chancery in a royal style. He also took control of the right to grant fiefs in Provence.[4]

During his early years of reign, Hugh somewhat improved the central administration of the kingdom, achieving rather more (though not total) success against the Magyar raids that had been plaguing Italy for several decades.

In September 928, Hugh met with Rudolph of France and Herbert II of Vermandois in Burgundy. Hugh granted Herbert's son Odo Vienne in opposition to Charles Constantine. He was still in conflict with Rudolph of Burgundy and hoped to ally with the King of France against the Burgundian monarch. By 930, however, Charles was in complete control of Vienne and by 931, Rudolph of France was claiming suzerainty over the Viennois and Lyonnais. In light of these reverses in his transalpine policy, Hugh turned his attention towards securing his rule in Italy and receiving the imperial crown. He induced the Italian nobility to recognise his son Lothair as their next king and crowned him in April 931. That same year, he accused his half-brother Lambert of Tuscany of conspiring for the crown — perhaps with the support of a faction of nobles — and deposed him, bestowing the March of Tuscany on his brother Boso. Hugh, however, had other reasons for deposing Lambert, who presented an obstacle to his second marriage to Marozia. Lambert's supporters called in Rudolph of Burgundy, whom Hugh bribed off with the gift of the Viennois and Lyonnais, which Rudolph successfully occupied. In 933, Rudolph relinquished all his rights to Italy.

In 936, Hugh replaced Boso of Tuscany with his own son Humbert. He granted Octavion in the Viennois to Hugh Taillefer and patched up his relations with Charles Constantine in a final effort to save influence in Provence.

Second marriage

However, Hugh's attempt to strengthen his power further by a second marriage failed disastrously. His bride was Marozia, senatrix and effective ruler of Rome and widow first of Alberic I of Spoleto and then of Hugh's own half-brother Guy of Tuscany. This last fact, though, meant that the marriage was illegal under canon law, because of the relationship of affinity between them — a matter that Hugh tried to circumvent by disowning and eliminating the descendants of his mother's second marriage and giving Tuscany to a relative on his father's side of the family, Boso. This in turn, however, alarmed Alberic II, Marozia's teenage son or stepson from her first marriage, who, appealing to Roman distrust of the foreign troops Hugh had brought with him, launched a coup d'état during the wedding festivities. Hugh managed to flee the castle by sliding down a rope and rejoining his army, but Marozia was imprisoned until her death a few years later.

Hugh's power in Italy was damaged but not destroyed by these events. To strengthen his hand in the affairs of Milan, he tonsured his younger illegitimate son, Tebald, to groom him for the position of Archbishop of Milan; however, the ancient cleric, Arderic, whom he installed pro tem lived another twenty-two years. He continued to organise the fight against the Magyars and the Andalusian pirates based at Fraxinet in Provence. Active, if sometimes dubious, diplomacy paid off. He concluded a treaty with Rudolph in 933 by which Rudolf abandoned his claims to Italy in return for being handed Provence over the heads of Louis the Blind's heirs and the marriage of Rudolph's daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothair. Friendly relations were maintained with the Byzantine Empire and, in 942, Hugh even came to terms with Alberic, who married one of Hugh's daughters.

Within the kingdom, Hugh intensified his existing habit of giving any available offices or lands to relations, including his numerous legitimate and illegitimate progeny, and a small circle of old and trusted friends. The effect this had on Italian nobles who saw this as threatening themselves eventually resulted in rebellion. In 941, Hugh expelled Berengar of Ivrea from Italy and abolished the March of Ivrea. In 945, Berengar returned from exile in Germany and defeated Hugh in battle. By a diet Berengar held at Milan, Hugh was deposed, though he managed to come to terms by which he nominally kept the crown and the title rex (king) but returned to Provence, leaving Lothair as nominal king, but with all real power in Berengar's hands.

Hugh retired to Provence, but continued to carry the royal title until 947.

Family By four wives and at least four mistresses, he left eight children.

With his first wife, Willa of Provence, Hugh had no children.

His only legitimate children were both from his second wife, Alda or Hilda, of German origin, whom he married before 924.

  • Alda of Vienne, who married Alberic II of Spoleto
  • Lothair, Hugh's successor. By his third wife, Marozia, and his fourth, Bertha of Swabia, widow of Rudolph II, Hugh had no children.

Hugh had several illegitimate children with several mistresses.

By a noblewoman named Wandelmoda:

  • Hubert, Duke of Spoleto, to whom he gave Tuscany

By low-born mistress named Pezola, and whom the people called Venerem:

  • Bertha, who married the Byzantine Emperor Romanos II and took the name Eudokia (Eudocia). She inherited her father's lands in Provence.
  • Boso, who became Bishop of Piacenza and imperial chancellor. By Rotruda of Pavia, called Iunonem by the people and widow of Giselbert I of Bergamo:
  • Rotlind or Rolend, who married Bernard, Count of Pavia.

By a Roman woman named Stephanie, to whom the people gave the nickname Semelen:

  • Tebald, whom Hugh tried to make Archbishop of Milan.

By an unknown mistress:

  • Geoffrey, Abbot of Nonantola

A young page educated at Hugh's court at the traditional Lombard capital, Pavia, grew up to be Liutprand, Bishop of Cremona and chronicler of the 10th century; his loyalty to the memory of Hugh may have helped fuel some of his partisan bitterness in chronicling Hugh's heirs.

  1. Name: Hugues D'arles King Of ITALY
  2. Given Name: Hugues D'arles King Of
  3. Surname: Italy
  4. Sex: M
  5. Birth: Abt 880 in Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, Provence, France
  6. Death: 10 Apr 947 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy

Father: Theobald I Count Of ARLES b: 854 in Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, Provence, France

Mother: Bertha Princess Of LORRAINE b: 863 in Lorraine, France

Marriage 1 Willa Of VIENNE b: Abt 878 in Vienne, Isere, Rhone Alpes, France

   * Married: Aft 911 in 2ND Husband 

Marriage 3 Vandelmodis UNKNOWN b: in Italy


  1. Has Children Umberto Humbert Marquis Of TUSCANY b: in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
  2. Has Children Wandelmodis DE SALINS b: Abt 915 in Salins Les Bains, Jura, Franche Comte, France


He took the titl e Kin g o f Italy, w hich he beque athed to hi s son(n ot


Ma rozia) Lothair II, the hus band of Adelhei d of Bu rgundy an d thefat


of Emma, wife of Lothair of Fr a nce and mother of Louis V. It was Lothair

II's m u rder by B erengar II, wh o t hen tried to fo rce Adelh eid to ma


his s on, Ada lbert, that drew upon I ta ly the first in vasion of O t to


Great of Germany. A widower (of Edi th o f Wessex), h e the n married

Adelhei d him self; they were the parents of O tt o II. Adalbert fled to

Macon , where he m arried the heire ss, Gerberga, and b ec ame the father


Count Ott o-W illia m


TITL The P lantagenet Ancestry, b y William Henry Turto n, 1968

ABBR The Plan tagenet Anc estry, by William Henry Turton, 1968

re d'Italia dal 925 al 947

Fu proposto per l'incoronazione ad imperatore da Marozia sfruttando la sua influenza sul figlio papa Giovanni XI, ma Alberico II 1° figlio legittimo della stessa lo cacciò con i suoi armati da Roma.

Mise sotto assedio Roma nel tentativo di liberare la moglie che era stata relegata in un convento romano da parte di suo figlio Alberico.

Il matrimonio con marozia era contro legge essendo i due coniugi cognati, ma Ugo con un giuramento falso affermò di essere figlio illegittimo del proprio padre e dunque di non avere legami di sangue con il fratello uterino Guido di Toscana.

Sepolto in un monastero ad Arles 10 Aprile 947.

Ugo sconfisse a Verona il 7 aprile 925 il re d'Italia Berengario.

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Hugues I d'Arles, King of Italy, Regent of Lower Burgundy's Timeline

Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France
- August 905
Age 15
Contea di Arles, Arles, Provenza
August 905
- 933
Age 25
Regno di Provenza, Arles, Provenza
- August 948
Age 25
Marca di Vienne, Vienne, Borgogna
Vienne, Austria
June 9, 926
- April 10, 948
Age 46
Regno d'Italia, Pavia, Lombardia, Italy