Zenobia, queen of the Palmyrene Empire

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Septimia Zenobia Bat-Zabbai

Birthplace: Palmyra, Syria
Death: circa 274 (25-42)
Tibur (Tivoli) Rome
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Julius Aurelius Zenobius of Parthia, Governor & King of Palmyra
Wife of NN Senator of Rome; Aurelian and Septimus Odaenathus, King of Palmyra
Mother of L. Septimia Patavinia Balbilla Tyria Nepotilla Odaenathiania; Wahballtes of Palmyra; Timoluos Prince of Palmyra and Herennianus Prince of Palmyra

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About Zenobia, queen of the Palmyrene Empire


Full name: Septimia Zenobia (Bat-Zabbai)

Regnal name: Septimia Zenobia Augusta

She bore the gentilicium (surname) Septimia, and her native Palmyrene name was Bat-Zabbai (written "Btzby" in the Palmyrene alphabet, an Aramaic name meaning "daughter of Zabbai")

Zenobia (240 – c. 274) was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria. She led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire. The second wife of King Septimius Odaenathus, Zenobia became queen of the Palmyrene Empire following Odaenathus' death in 267. By 269, Zenobia had expanded the empire, conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect, Tenagino Probus, who was beheaded after he led an attempt to recapture the territory. She ruled over Egypt until 274, when she was defeated and taken as a hostage to Rome by Emperor Aurelian.


Here is a YouTube video on her: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nQKb4VV4lIA#t=95