Dr. Stanley Ann Dunham

Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States

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Dr. Stanley Ann Dunham

Birthplace: Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States
Death: November 07, 1995 (52)
Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States
Place of Burial: Hawaii, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Stanley Armour Dunham and Madelyn Lee Dunham
Wife of Lolo Soetoro
Ex-wife of Barack Hussein Obama, Sr.
Mother of Barack H. Obama, 44th President of the USA and Maya Soetoro-Ng

Occupation: Anthropologist, PhD
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Dr. Stanley Ann Dunham

Dr. Ann Dunham was an American anthropologist who specialized in the economic anthropology and rural development of Indonesia. She was the mother of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States. Dunham was known as Stanley Ann Dunham through high school, then as Ann Dunham, Ann Obama, Ann Soetoro, a.k.a. Ann Sutoro, and resumed her maiden name, Ann Dunham, later in life.

Born in Wichita, Kansas, Dunham studied at the East–West Center and at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in Honolulu, where she attained a bachelor of arts degree in anthropology (1967), and later received master of arts (1974) and PhD (1992) degrees, also in anthropology. She also attended the University of Washington in Seattle from 1961 to 1962. Interested in craftsmanship, weaving, and the role of women in cottage industries, Dunham's research focused on women's work on the island of Java and blacksmithing in Indonesia. To address the problem of poverty in rural villages, she created microcredit programs while working as a consultant for the United States Agency for International Development. Dunham was also employed by the Ford Foundation in Jakarta and she consulted with the Asian Development Bank in Gujranwala, Pakistan. Towards the latter part of her life, she worked with Bank Rakyat Indonesia, where she helped apply her research to the largest microfinance program in the world.

After her son was elected President, interest renewed in Dunham's work: the University of Hawaii held a symposium about her research; an exhibition of Dunham's Indonesian batik textile collection toured the United States; and in December 2009, Duke University Press published Surviving against the Odds: Village Industry in Indonesia, a book based on Dunham's original 1992 dissertation. Janny Scott, an author and former New York Times reporter, published a biography about Ann Dunham's life titled A Singular Woman in 2011. Posthumous interest has also led to the creation of The Ann Dunham Soetoro Endowment in the Anthropology Department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, as well as the Ann Dunham Soetoro Graduate Fellowships, intended to fund students associated with the East–West Center (EWC) in Honolulu, Hawaii.

In an interview, Barack Obama referred to his mother as "the dominant figure in my formative years ... The values she taught me continue to be my touchstone when it comes to how I go about the world of politics." (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA)


  • "Ann Dunham." Wikipedia, revision of 20 July 2021. < link > Accessed 30 July 2021.
  • KansasPrairie.net photo collection.
  • "The Obama Family Tree." Chicago Sun Times, published 9 September 2007.
  • Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Barack Obama." WARGS. < link >
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Dr. Stanley Ann Dunham's Timeline

November 29, 1942
Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States
August 4, 1961
Kapiʻolani Maternity & Gynecological Hospital, Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States
August 15, 1970
Jakarta, Indonesia
November 7, 1995
Age 52
Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States
Age 52
Hawaii, United States