Cecily Neville, Duchess of York

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Cecily Neville, Duchess of York

Also Known As: "Cicely", "Cecylle", "the Rose of Raby", "Proud Cis", "Rose of Raby", "Original spelling Cecylle"
Birthplace: Raby Castle, Staindrop, County Durham, England
Death: May 31, 1495 (80)
Berkhamsted Castle, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: St Mary and All Saints Church, Fotheringhay, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, 4th Baron Neville de Raby and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland
Wife of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Mother of Joan Plantagenet, of York; Anne Leger, Duchess of Exeter; Henry Plantagenet, of York; Edward IV of England; Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of Rutland and 8 others
Sister of Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk; Eleanor Neville, Countess of Northumberland; Joan Neville, the nun; Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury; Sir Thomas de Neville, Baron and 8 others
Half sister of Maud Maud de Neville, Baroness Mauley; Alice Lancaster; Anne Anne Neville, the elder; Lady Philippa Philippa Baroness Dacre de Neville, Baroness Dacre; Sir John Neville, Kt. and 6 others

Managed by: Anne Brannen
Last Updated:

About Cecily Neville, Duchess of York

a short summary from Wikipedia:

Lady Cecily Neville

Duchess of York

Spouse: Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York


Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter

Edward IV, King of England

Edmund, Earl of Rutland

Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk

Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy

George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence

Richard III, King of England

House: House of York

House of Neville

Father: Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland

Mother: Joan Beaufort

Born: 3 May 1415

Raby Castle, Durham

Died: 31 May 1495 (aged 80)

Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire

Burial: St Mary and All Saints Church, Fotheringhay


"Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (3 May 1415 – 31 May 1495) was the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and the mother of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III.
Lady Cecily Neville was a daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland. Her maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.

She was the aunt of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, one of the leading peers and military commanders of his generation, and also the great-great-great-aunt of the queen consort Catherine Parr, sixth wife of her great-grandson, King Henry VIII.

Cecily was called "the Rose of Raby", because she was born at Raby Castle in Durham, and "Proud Cis", because of her pride and a temper that went with it. Historically she is also known for her piety. She herself signed her name "Cecylle"."


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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/2, page 908. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 17. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 134. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 132.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 909.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 260.

[S14] #236 Encyclopédie généalogique des maisons souveraines du monde (1959-1966), Sirjean, Gaston, (Paris: Gaston Sirjean, 1959-1966), FHL book 944 D5se., vol. 1 pt. 2 p. 66.

[S15] Les Valois (1990), Van Kerrebrouck, Patrick, (Villeneuve d'Ascq [France]: P. Van Kerrebrouck, 1990), FHL book 929.244 V247k., p. 383.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 97, 107, vol. 12 p. 911.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 21, 24.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 201.

[S47] #688 Collectanea topographica et genealogica (1834-1843), (8 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, 1834-1843), FHL book 942 B2ct; FHL microfilms 496,953 item 3 a., vol. 1 p. 297.

[S65] #389 Histories of Noble British Families: with Biographical Notices of the Most Distinguished Individual in Each, Illustrated by Their Armorial Bearings, Portraits, Monuments, Seals, Etc. (1846), Drummond, Henry, (2 volumes. London: W. Pickering, 1846), FHL microfilm 990,417 item 1., vol. 2 p. 9.

"Cicely was remarkably beautiful, and was called in the neighbourhood "the Rose of Raby." She was two years older than Richard; they were a long time without children but ultimately left twelve."

[S67] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 4 p. 350.

[S69] #2251 The Royal Bastards of Medieval England (1984), Given-Wilson, Chris and Alice Curteis, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984), FHL book 942 D5g., p. 148.

[S77] #33 An Official Genealogical and Heraldic Baronage of England (filmed 1957), Paget, Gerald, (Typescript, filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957), FHL microfilm 170,063-170,067., no. 406, Nevill, Earls of Salisbury & Warwick.

[S191] #247 [1816-1840] The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham (1816-1840), Surtees, Robert, of Mainsforth, Esq. F. S. A., (4 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, Parliament-Street and G. Andrews, Durham 1816-1840), FHL book Folio 942.81 H2s; FHL microfilms 899,861-., vol. 4 p. 161.

[S300] #242 [1978 edition] Genealogical History of the Dormant, Aberant, Forfeited, & Extinct Peerages, Burke, Sir Bernard, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore. 1978), 942 D22 bug 1978., p. 394.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.

[S339] #664 An Historical and Genealogical Account of the Noble Family of Nevill, Particularly of the House of Abergavenny, and Also a History of the Old Land Barony of Abergavenny: with Some Account of the Illustrious Family of the Beauchamps (1830), Rowland, Daniel, (London: Bentley, 1830), FHL book Q 929.242 N416r; FHL microfilm 1,145,984 ., p. 31.

[S631] An Encyclopedia of World History; Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged (1972), Langer, William L., (5th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972), p. 292.

[S756] King Edward III (1983), Packe, Michael, and Lewis Charles Bernard Seamen, (Boston, Massachusetts: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983), FHL book 921.42 P694p., Gen tables.

[S757] #676 De Nova Villa; Or, the House of Nevill in Sunshine and Shade (1885), Swallow, Henry J. (Henry James), (Newcastle-on-Tyne: Reid, 1885), FHL book 929.242 N416s; FHL microfilm 990,329 item., Table 3.

[S910] #696 Visitations of the north, or, some early heraldic visitations of, and collections of pedigrees relating to, the north of England, Blair, Charles Henry Hunter, (Durham [England] : Andrews, 1912-1932. Part of the Publications of the Surtees Society.), 942 B4s., vol. 144 p. 30.

Profile picture: by Edward Harding, 1792, National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cecily Neville, Duchess of York's Timeline

May 3, 1415
Raby Castle, Staindrop, County Durham, England
York, Yorkshire, England (United Kingdom)
August 10, 1439
Fotheringhay, Northhampton, England
February 10, 1441
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
April 28, 1442
Haute-Normandie,, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France
May 17, 1443
Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
April 22, 1444
Rouen, Normandie, France
May 3, 1446
Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England
July 7, 1447
Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England