Amadeus III, count of Savoy "the crusader"

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Count Amadeus III of Savoy, the crusader

Spanish: Conde Amadeo III de Saboya, El Cruzado, Italian: conte Amedeo III di Savoia, il Crociato, French: comte Amédée III de Savoie-Maurienne, le Croisé
Birthplace: Carignano, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
Death: August 30, 1148 (48-57)
Nikosia, Nicosia District, Cyprus (Sjukdom )
Place of Burial: Church of St. Croix, Nikosia, Nicosia District, Cyprus
Immediate Family:

Son of Humbert II, count of Savoy "the Fat" and Gisèle (Gille) de Bourgogne
Husband of Adelaide .... and Mahaut of Albon, countess of Savoy
Father of Alix Elise de Savoie Maurienne; Mafalda de Saboia, rainha consorte de Portugal; Blessed Humbert III, count of Savoy; John of Savoy; Peter of Savoy and 5 others
Brother of Adelaide de Savoie, de Maurienne and Agnès de Savoie, de Maurienne
Half brother of Giovanna de Montferrato; William V Aleramici, "the Old" marquess of Montferrat; Matilda de Montferrat, Maud and Isabella di Montferrato

Occupation: Count of Maurienne, Count of Geneva, 7th Count of Savoy
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Amadeus III, count of Savoy "the crusader"


Amadeus III of Savoy (1095 – April 1148) was Count of Savoy and Maurienne from 1103 until his death. He was also known as a crusader.[1]


He was born in Carignano, Piedmont, the son of Humbert II of Savoy and Gisela of Burgundy, the daughter of William I of Burgundy. He succeeded as count of Savoy upon the death of his father.[1] Amadeus had a tendency to exaggerate his titles, and also claimed to be Duke of Lombardy, Duke of Burgundy, Duke of Chablais, and vicar of the Holy Roman Empire, the latter of which had been given to his father by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

He helped restore the Abbey of St. Maurice of Agaune, in which the former kings of Burgundy had been crowned, and of which he himself was abbot until 1147. He also founded the Abbey of St. Sulpicius in Bugey, Tamié Abbey in the Bauges, and Hautecombe Abbey on the Lac du Bourget.

In 1128, Amadeus extended his realm, known as the "Old Chablais", by adding to it the region extending from the Arve to the Dranse d'Abondance, which came to be called the "New Chablais" with its capital at Saint-Maurice. Despite his marriage to Mahaut, he still fought against his brother-in-law Guy, who was killed at the Battle of Montmélian. Following this, King Louis VI of France, married to Amadeus' sister Adélaide de Maurienne, attempted to confiscate Savoy. Amadeus was saved by the intercession of Peter the Hermit, and by his promise to participate in Louis' planned crusade.


In 1147, he accompanied his nephew Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine on the Second Crusade. He financed his expedition with help from a loan from the Abbey of St. Maurice. In his retinue were many barons from Savoy, including the lords of Faucigny, Seyssel, La Chambre, Miolans, Montbel, Thoire, Montmayeur, Vienne, Viry, La Palude, Blonay, Chevron-Villette, Chignin, and Châtillon. Amadeus travelled south through Italy to Brindisi, where he crossed over to Durazzo, and marched east along the Via Egnatia to meet Louis at Constantinople in late 1147. After crossing into Anatolia, Amadeus, who was leading the vanguard, became separated from Louis near Laodicea, and Louis' forces were almost entirely destroyed.

Marching on to Adalia, Louis, Amadeus, and other barons decided to continue to Antioch by ship. On the journey, Amadeus fell ill on Cyprus, and died at Nicosia in April 1148.[2] He was buried in the Church of St. Croix in Nicosia. In Savoy, his son Humbert III succeeded him, under the regency of bishop Amadeus of Lausanne.[3]

Family and children

With his first wife Adelaide, he had;[4]

  • Adelaide married Humbert III of Beaujeu[4]

In 1123 he married Matilda of Albon,[4] daughter of Guigues III of Albon, they had:

  • Matilda (1125–1158), married king Afonso I of Portugal[4]
  • Agnes (1125–1172), married William I, Count of Geneva[4]
  • Humbert III (1135–1188)[4]
  • John
  • Peter
  • William
  • Margaret (died 1157), founded and joined nunnery Bons in Bugey[4]
  • Isabella
  • Juliana (died 1194), abbess of St. André-le-Haut[4]


AMEDEE de Maurienne, son of HUMBERT II "le Renforcé" Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his wife Gisèle de Bourgogne [Comt%C3%A9] (Montmélian [1095]-Nicosia 30 Aug 1148). "Amedeus comes" donated property to Saint-Jean de Maurienne, for the soul of "patris sui Uberti comtis", with the consent of "Gisla matre et fratribus eius Guillelmo atque Umberto", by charter dated 21 Oct 1104, witnessed by "Odo de Camera et frater eius Amedeus, Esmio de Camera et frater eius Bernardus, Aymo de Bocsosello, Guillelmus de Rossilione"[178]. "Amedeus…comes et fratres mei, unacum genitrice nostra Gisla" donated property to the church of Belley, for the soul of "patris nostri Humberti comitis", by undated charter[179]. He succeeded in 1109 as AMEDEE III Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie. "Amedeus…comes et fratres mei, unacum genitrice nostra Gisla" donated property to the church of Belley "per nostros advocatos…comitem Aimonem Genevensem et Widonem de Mirabello", for the soul of "patris nostri Humberti comitis", by undated charter[180]. The emperor recognised his title as Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1111. Comte Amedée arranged the marriage of his sister to Louis VI King of France, consolidating the close relations established by his father with France. Lay-abbot of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune, until 1116. "Guido Viennensis archiepiscopus" (who was his maternal uncle) addressed a letter to "nepoti suo Amedeo comiti" dated [1115][181]. "Amedeus filius quondam Humberti comitis" confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Santa Maria di Pinerolo by charter dated 1 Mar 1131, witnessed by "Humbertus de Buzosel et Aymo frater eius, Villelmus de Camera…"[182]. He recovered the county of Turin, lost by his father. "Comes Amedeus…cum uxore sua Adeleida comitissa" confirmed the rights of the monastery of "S. Justi in villa Volveria" by charter dated 27 Jul 1134, witnessed by "Umbertus de Bocsosello, Aimo de Brianzone…"[183]. "A. comes et marchio cum uxore sua M." donated property to the monastery of Ripalta, with the support of "eorum filio Umberto", by charter dated 9 Jan 1137[184]. "Palatinus Comes Amedeus" donated property to the monastery of Locedio "in terra Willelmi Marchionis fratris sui" [his uterine brother] by charter dated 30 Jul 1137[185]. "Amedeus comes et marchio" donated revenue from Conflens to the archbishop of Tarantasia by charter dated 28 Feb 1139[186]. "Dominus Amedeus comes et marchio et frater eius Raynaldus" granted rights to the archbishop of Tarantasia, with the consent of "Aymone vicecomite, fratribus suis Gunterio, Willienco, Aymerico", by charter dated to [1140][187]. The first known use of the white cross on a red background as the arms of the House of Savoy was in a charter dated 1143[188]. "Amedeus comes et marchio et Maies comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius" donated property to the monastery of Saint-Maurice by charter dated 30 Mar 1143[189]. "Amedeus comes et marchio" confirmed donations to Saint-Sulpice en Bugey, for the soul of "filii mei Humberti", by charter dated to [1148], which also names "uxore mea Matildi", confirmed by "Aalasia comitissa de Bello Joco…cum filio meo Guichardo"[190]. "Amedeus comes et marchio et Majes comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius" confirmed the rights of the monastery of Saint-Maurice d´Agaune by charter dated 30 Mar 1148[191]. He accompanied his nephew Louis VII King of France on crusade but died in Cyprus. The Continuator of Sigebert records that "Amadeus comes Maurianensis" died "in Cipro insula" in 1148[192].

m firstly ([1120/23]) ADELAIDE, daughter of --- (-after Jul 1134)... ... (two children)

  • 1. ALIX [Elise] de Savoie ([1123/25]-)
  • 2. MATHILDE de Savoie ([1125][211]-Coimbra 4 Nov 1157, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross)

m secondly ([Jul 1134/1135]) MATHILDE d'Albon, daughter of GUIGUES [V] Comte d'Albon [Viennois] & his wife Regina [Matilda] --- ([1112/16]-after 30 Mar 1148)... ...(seven children)

  • 3. HUMBERT de Savoie (Avigliana 4 Aug 1136-Chambéry 4 Mar 1189, bur Abbaye de Hautecombe)
  • 4. JEAN de Savoie (-Ranverso).
  • 5. PIERRE de Savoie (-Ranverso)
  • 6. GUILLAUME de Savoie (-after 1173).
  • 7. AGNES de Savoie (-before 1172)
  • 8. MARGUERITE de Savoie (-after 1157).
  • 9. JULIANE de Savoie (-31 Dec 1194).


  1. Da una prima moglie, Adelaide, ebbe una figlia Alice, che sposò Umberto di Beaujeu;
  2. dalla seconda, Matilde d'Albon, ebbe un figlio, Umberto, che gli successe, e varie figlie; di queste, Matilde, andò sposa ad Alfonso di Portogallo con cui iniziò la dinastia reale di quel nuovo regno.

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Amadeus III, count of Savoy "the crusader"'s Timeline

Carignano, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
Savoie, France
- 1178
Age 33
Count of Geneva
Chambery, Savoie, France
August 4, 1136
Avigliana, Province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy
Savoie, France
Savoie, France